Many US workers are currently exposed to hazardous chemical compounds in their workplace. Therefore, they need to know how to work with such dangerous substances. If you want to know how to store and handle Chemical Hazards and Toxic Substances as an employer or employee in the workplace, follow the next paragraphs.
Any chemical in the form of gas, liquid, or solid that can be harmful to health is called “Chemical Hazards” or “Toxic Substances”.
Routes of exposure to these substances are:
Chemical hazards are divided into two categories: health hazards and physicochemical hazards.
Health hazards:Exposure to these substances leads to harmful effects on health. Some of the acute health effects are:
Chronic health effects include:
Physicochemical hazards:These hazards include chemical explosions, fires, and chemical corrosion that can harm people, the environment, and property. These hazards occur due to the physical properties of the materials and the way they are handled and stored.
Hazmat Physical exam is for workers who exposure to chemicals and toxic substances. These examinations include tests such as Chest X-ray, pulmonary function tests, and auditory tests. These tests are performed annually to avoid harmful effects as much as possible.
Some of the most common hazardous chemicals in the workplace are:
The best way to control chemicals in the workplace is to have a clear and consistent chemical management procedure. To have such a procedure in the workplace, you should pay attention to the following four basic things:
Remember that you, as an employee, have the right to have enough information about the following items:
Besides, both the employer and the employee must get adequate training to:
OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) provides up-to-date information on toxic substance hazards in the workplace as well as protective measures. So you can consider it as a reliable source.
If you, as an employer, intend to train your employees on chemical hazards and toxic substances in the workplace, you must consider the parameters introduced by OSHA:
Proper ventilation is one of the most common ways to control toxins in the workplace. Well-maintained ventilation systems help remove toxic vapors, fumes, mists, or airborne dust. The following should be considered when using ventilation:
Remember that only trained and authorized people can store toxic substances. The storage area should be distinguished with warning signs and clear of obstructions.
The following tips should be considered when storing toxic substances:
If you have to work with hazardous materials in your workplace, you must first obtain the necessary training. Remember that if you are unsure or have questions about working with toxic substances, contact your supervisor immediately.
You should receive the necessary training based on the work condition and the type of toxic substances you are exposed to. But here are some general helpful tips to keep in mind:
As you know, in many cases, you can not avoid exposure to chemical hazards and toxic substances in the workplace. But there are very effective and simple measures that will keep you safe from many hazards. Always keep in mind that to reduce these risks, both the employer and the employee must take steps in parallel. Having a safe workplace is your right.
The Southern Nevada Occupational Health Center in Las Vegas, with more than 15 years of experience and expert staff, strives to provide a safer work environment for you. For more information about chemical hazards and toxic substances in your workplace, please consult with your supervisor or contact a SNOHC team member.