As the structure of viruses changes over time, you need to be updated and get vaccinated annually against some viruses.
But what are the most common illnesses in the workplace? When should you get/avoid vaccines? Are there any possible dangers related to vaccination?
In this blog, we try to cover the most frequent questions asked by our clients at Southern Nevada Occupational Health Center (SNOHC) about vaccination.
What is vaccination?
Vaccination is a form of treatment that enforces the body against a particular infection. It involves injecting a weak type of the virus/bacteria into the body to stimulate the immune system and help it in the fight against the real viruses.
The first successful vaccine was developed by Edward Jenner in 1796. He demonstrated immunity to smallpox by injecting a vaccinia virus (cowpox) into a boy.
Required vaccines for employees
According to OSHA, some vaccines are required and recommended for employees. Vaccines help you to be protected from diseases. When you receive a specific dose of the vaccine, the body releases antibodies, making you immune to the disease. Some vaccines need to be renewed after some years, but some need to be repeated yearly.
You can read about them below:
Hep A & B Vaccine
The term hepatitis means liver infection. Hep A is a very contagious virus that causes liver infection. The virus most commonly spreads when you eat or drink something contaminated. The Hep A vaccine can easily prevent infection. It is recommended to travelers or workers in Mexico, or the risk of hepatitis is high.
Hep B, An infection caused by hepatitis B can lead to liver scarring, or cirrhosis, and liver cancer.
The virus can get passed from person to person through body fluids, semen, or blood. Hep B vaccine is mandatory in almost all the states of America. The Hepatitis B vaccine is injected in three doses in the arm, there should be a 1-month distance between the first dose and second dose, and the distance between the third dose and first dose should be six months. After receiving the third dose, you are protected over %90 of the disease.
Vaccination applies to employees who are exposed to bloodborne pathogens, dental offices, skilled nursing facilities, hospitals, and home health agencies, correctional officers, laundry workers, and anyone who is susceptible to unhealthy situations.
An influenza is a form of viral infection that affects an individual’s respiratory tract — your nose, throat, and lungs. It is commonly called the flu, is very similar to cold but more powerful than getting cold. For protection against flu, you can have one dose of flu vaccine annually. The flu vaccine is injected into the arm. Flu vaccine targeted three or four types of flu viruses that are most likely to make you sick during the year. The best vaccination time is early in fall before the flu season begins. October is known as the golden time for vaccination. Getting the flu vaccine later even into January or later is beneficial, but the effects may come down.
Vaccination is highly important for people who are at high risk of developing serious flu complications. Adults over 65, pregnant women, young children, those who suffer Asthma, diabetes, cancer, HIV/AIDS, heart disease & stroke, and children with Neurologic Conditions are mostly considered as people at high risk. This vaccine is not mandatory in the USA because some employees may be medically unable to receive the flu vaccine.
MMR is for Measles, Mumps, and Rubella are types of viruses.
Measles is a viral infection that causes fever and a red rash on the skin, typically occurring in childhood. Measles are particularly dangerous for pregnant women during pregnancy that can lead to premature labor or even miscarriage.
Mumps is one of the viral diseases caused by the mumps virus. The signs and symptoms that initially appear are fever, muscle pain, headache, poor appetite, and feeling generally unwell. Then, it is followed by a painful swelling of one or both parotid salivary glands.
Rubella is an infection that can cause severe defects, mostly for the fetus. For the fetus, it can lead to severe birth defects or even fatal death. In children and adults, rubella virus infection generally causes rashes. Seizures and joint pain are more common complications seen in adult infections.
To prevent infections by measles, mumps, and rubella, all people need to take the MMR vaccine. The MMR vaccine is administered via injection, typically into the arm.